A residential condominium is planned to be built over an area of 16,523 m2 consisting of 6 buildings of 5 stores and 4 departments per store, and the sanitary and plumbing installations are required to be designed. In this paper, these installations are analyzed and designed to satisfy given requirements of cold and warm water demands, as well as given characteristics of the water supply and draining systems. To determine the Maximum Simultaneous Demand the Hunter method was used considering the water consumption units specified in the National Building Regulation. To pressurize each of the water supply systems, an array of three centrifugal electrical pumps is considered. The draining system works by gravity and is designed considering the method of Discharging Units. The plumbing installations for the whole condominium and for each department have been analyzed, all required computations were done and, finally, the corresponding drawing planes and diagrams were completed.
With field explorations and the obtained information from surveys made by the students, many places around Lima city were identified where common construction of “pircas” were used. A model was developed in order to analyze their static and seismic conditions, considering the earthquake magnitude according to the site seismic recurrence and building characteristics as well as their risk and vulnerability due to more common disasters.
A typical case of slope failure was considered in order to determine through back analysis and in-situ tests, the resistance average parameters to shear strength. Data was evaluated on laboratory, in a real scale prototype with the geotechnical site conditions. In addition, geological characteristics of the site were also considered. The paper has complied with its commitment to demonstrate the vulnerability of the pirca” type foundations.
The main objective of the course Pathways-Works Workshop is to elaborate the technical file of an actual road construction project. In this project, the information belongs to the Alto Chicama Callacuyan – Huamachuco technical records, pathway located in La Libertad the region in the north of Peru.
It was designed he geometry of the axis of a stretch of 6 Km along the lines indicated in the standard Geometric Design of Highways DG -2001. Likewise, to develop the information required in the technical file, they were considered issues as mobilization and demobilizations and required earthwork. For the structural design of the pavements they were considered soil studies of the roads as well as traffic studies.
Results of the project show that the costs of earthwork are usually the most relevant. Also, the placement of sand and stone sources, water sources and center of gravity are issues to be taken into account for reducing costs.
This paper deals with the economical analysis of a civil work at the budget level based on the accurate measurement of each part of the work, the calculation of costs and the scheduling of activities during the execution of the work. It is also included the procedure for conducting assessment and economical control of work advancements.
All unitary costs have been analyzed and the total budget has been calculated using polynomial equation. The study corresponds to an actual five-story apartment building located in the district of Surco in Lima, Peru.
This project involves the design of a steel warehouse. Given that the available area is L-shaped, the truss is divided in two sections looking for regularity and symmetry. The structure was calculated in order to obtain an economical and safe design.
As for the method, it began with a sketch of the truss: separation between the uprights, pending top flanges, column heights, types of coverage, types of sections, trusses and other separations. In addition, the live and dead loads, as well as wind and earthquake loads were determined considering actual situations. They were combined in different combos according to the standard RNE E020 Loads. Afterwards, it was analyzed the overall structure subject to different loads using the software SAP 2000.
The obtained results are used to verify that the structural elements meet the load requirements under traction and compression stresses. Also, for the calculation of the throat and length of the welds. Similarly, to determine whether the distortions and displacements do not exceed the maximum limits defined in the standard earthquake-resistant E030 RNE.
Finally, plans were drawn in the detailing all connections and supports.
The present work deals with the design of the water supply system for the human settlement “Los Girasoles” located in the district of San Martin de Porres in Lima, Peru.
First we went to identify the zone of study and to see the local reality, extracting several important points for treating in the work. Having an almost flat topography, it was possible to propose several alternatives of solution. There were boundary hills that we could use for locating some water reservoirs and send the water through pipelines, taking advantage of the level raised by gravity. Our supposed source of water supply (Chillon River) faces a high degree of pollution, creating an environmental impact in the neighboring zones.
The designed water supply system takes into account population growing rate as well as living conditions, water storage and sanitary culture.